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Indian Navy launched Operation Sankalp in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.


• The Indian Navy launched Operation Sankalp, in the Gulf of Oman, to re-assure Indian Flagged Vessels operating/ transiting through Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman following the maritime security incidents in the region.

• Reason: The operation has been launched in the wake of escalating tension in the Gulf of Oman, where two oil tankers were attacked recently.

• The incident has since heightened tensions between Tehran and Washington.

• The U.S. considers Iran responsible for the attacks, heightening tensions between the two countries.

• Indian Navy Ships Chennai and Sunayna have been deployed in the Gulf of Oman and Persian Gulf to undertake maritime security operations.

• In addition, aerial surveillance by IN aircraft is also being undertaken in the area.

• The Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region is also keeping a close watch on the movement of ships in the Gulf region.

Strategic Importance

• The Indian Navy has launched ‘Operation Sankalp’ in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as a measure to assure the safety and security of the Indian vessels.

• Location: The Persian Gulf, Also called the Arabian Gulf, is a shallow marginal sea of the Indian Ocean that lies between the Arabian Peninsula and the southwestern Iran.

• Resources: The area has approximately two-thirds of the world’s estimated proven oil reserves and one-third of the world’s estimated proven natural gas reserves.

• Economy: A considerable amount of sea trade passes through the gulf, leading to heavy traffic in the region.

• The Gulf of Oman, northwest arm of the Arabian Sea, lies between the eastern portion of the Arabian Peninsula (Oman) and Iran.

• It is a shipping route for the oil-producing area around the Persian Gulf.

• Significance: It offers the only entrance from the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean into the Persian Gulf, thus the world’s major oil exporters and importers have a joint interest in its security.

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