Central Water Commission (CWC) has approved the feasibility report of the Rs. 6,000 crore Mekedatu project.
• Mekedatu Project is a proposed Rs. 6000 crore Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project in Karnataka across the river Cauvery that envisages supplying drinking water to Bengaluru and Ramanagaram districts, besides generation of 400 megawatts power.
• Recently, the Central Water Commission (CWC) had approved the feasibility report and asked the State government — in principle — to prepare and submit a Detailed Project Report (DPR).
• Mekedatu is a deep gorge situated at the confluence of the rivers Cauvery and Arkavathi in Karnataka’s Ramanagara district.
• The project, however, ran into a controversy after Tamil Nadu opposed it on the grounds that the project violates the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal award and that it will affect the flow in Cauvery.
• Karnataka Government on the other hand claims that the project will not come in the way of releasing stipulated quantum of water to Tamil Nadu and that it will not be used for irrigation purposes.
Next Course of Action:
• Once Karnataka Government submits its DPR to the CWC, it will be placed before the Cauvery River Water Management Authority for approval. Once approved Karnataka Government can begin the construction process.
• If Tamil Nadu can get a stay on the project implementation in the Supreme Court, then the project may be delayed.
Central Water Commission
• It is a premier Technical Organization of India in the field of Water Resources and is presently functioning as an attached office of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
• It was established in 1945.
Cauvery River Basin and Important Tributaries
• Origin: The Cauvery River rises near the Brahmagiri range situated in the Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.
• Basin States: The Cauvery basin extends over states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Union Territory of Puducherry draining an area of 81 thousand sq.km.
• Major Left Bank Tributaries: Harangi, Hemavati, Shimsha and Arkavati.
• Major Right Bank Tributaries: Kabini, Bhavani, Lakshmanthirtha, Noyyil, Suvarnavati and Amaravati.