On the sidelines of G20 Summit, the leaders of JAPAN-AMERICA-INDIA (JAI) met together for the first time.
• On the sidelines of G20 Summit and around an year after the QUAD Meeting, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Donald Trump and Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met in a trilateral format in Buenos Aires.
Outcomes of the Meeting:
• Reforming multilateral institutions, including the UN and WTO, while underlining the benefits of a multilateral trading system and an open world economy
• The importance of working jointly in areas such as connectivity, sustainable development, disaster relief, maritime security and unfettered mobility,
• Building consensus on an architecture in the Indo-Pacific region based on principles of mutual benefit and respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity,
• Reaffirmed the importance of establishing a “free, open, inclusive and rules-based” order in Indo-Pacific for global stability and prosperity,
• They also agreed on the central role of ASEAN.
Significance for India:
• Balance of Power in Asia: Support of USA and Japan is the key to tackle an asserting China and achieve Balance of Power in Asia.
• Secure Trade Interests: Especially in the Indo-Pacific Region which accounts for more than 2/3rd of India’s Trade.
• Convergence of Interests: Japan held that all the three countries share “fundamental values and strategic interests” like Democracy and Safety of Seas.
The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue
• Quad is an informal strategic dialogue between the United States, Japan, Australia and India.
• The dialogue was initiated in 2007.
• Recently, due to the growth of Chinese assertiveness in Indo-Pacific region, the QUAD group of countries came together to ensure that the vision of “free, open, inclusive and rules based” order remains protected.