Ground Water Extraction

Ground Water Extraction

The revised guidelines for Ground Water Extraction has been notified.

• The Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation on 12th December 2018 notified revised guidelines for ground
water extraction.

• They will be effective from 1st June 2019. These have been released in order to comply with various directions of the National Green Tribunal.
Aim: The revised guidelines aim to ensure a more robust ground water regulatory mechanism in the country.

Important Features of the Revised Guidelines are:
Introduced Water Conservation Fee (WCF): The WCF payment varies with the category of the area, type of industry and the quantum of ground water extraction. It is designed to progressively increase from safe to over-exploited areas.
It will act as a deterrent to large scale ground water extraction by industries, especially in over-exploited and critical areas.
• Encouraging use of recycled and treated sewage water by industries.
• Provision of action against polluting industries.
• Mandatory requirement of digital flow meters, Piezometers and digital water level recorders (with or without telemetry depending upon quantum of extraction).
Mandatory water audit by industries abstracting ground water 500 m3/day or more in safe and semi-critical and 200 m3/day or more in critical and over-exploited assessment units.
Mandatory roof top rain water harvesting except for specified industries and measures to be adopted to ensure prevention of ground water contamination in premises of polluting industries/projects.
Exemptions: The exemption from requirement of No Objection Certificate has been given to:

  • Agricultural users
  • Users employing non-energized means to extract water
  • Individual households (using less than 1 inch diameter delivery pipe)
  • Armed Forces Establishments during operational deployment or during mobilization in forward locations.
  • Other exemptions (with certain requirements) have been granted to strategic and operational infrastructure projects for Armed Forces, Defence and Paramilitary
    Forces Establishments and Government water supply agencies.

Status of Groundwater in India:
• 90% groundwater extraction is used for agricultural purposes primarily for irrigation in agricultural activities.
• Remaining 10% for drinking and domestic as well as industrial:
• India is the largest user of ground water in the world, extracting ground water to the tune of 253 billion cubic meter per year, which is about 25% of the global ground water extraction.

Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA)
It is constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986
has the mandate of regulating ground water development
and management in the country.