France has topped the Food Sustainability Index (FSI), 2018 while India is poorly placed.
• The Food Sustainability Index (FSI) is a global study on nutrition, sustainable agriculture and food waste which collects data from 67 countries across the world to highlight best practices and key areas for improvement in relation to the food paradoxes and the main Sustainable Development Goals.
• The Food Sustainability Index was developed in collaboration between the Barilla centre for food and nutrion (BCFN Foundation) and the Economist Intelligence Unit, with one common objective, i.e. to promote knowledge on food sustainability.
• The Food Sustainability Index is based on three broad categories: food loss & waste, sustainable agriculture and nutritional challenges.
• Despite the increase in food production, the Food Sustainability Index ranks India 33rd among 67 countries in 2018. China fares better than India, while other BRICS
partners are rated poorly.
• India does well on preventing food loss and wastage, but is below average in sustainable agriculture and is one of the worst while tackling nutritional challenges.
• India also fares badly on parameters like quality of life and land use patterns.
Lessons to be Learnt:
• From France: It has taken initiatives to reduce food loss and waste, like its legislation requiring supermarkets to redistribute leftover food to charities serving poor communities.
• From Rwanda: Rwanda is placed second highest among the Low-income countries, displaying a good performance across the three categories.
- This is because its citizens’ diets are relatively low in sugar, meat, saturated fat and sodium which improves its ranking in the nutritional challenges pillar.
- Rwanda also performed well in terms of sustainable agricultural practices, such as the sustainability of public water sources.